Common Neurosurgical Issues
Neurosurgeons deal with conditions affecting the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and peripheral nervous system.
The most common conditions encountered involve the low back (lumbar spine), neck (cervical spine), and brain.
Low Back Problems
Most low back problems that are typically considered surgically treatable involve pinched spinal nerve roots that produce radiating leg pain (sciatica). Sciatica is a nerve pain that follows the course of a major nerve in the leg and is often described as an electric or burning pain. In general, sciatica is produced by one of two common problems:
Another common low back surgical procedure is called a lumbar fusion. This surgery is performed to treat a few very specific conditions such as foraminal stenosis, vertebral fracture, or spondylolisthesis.
A fusion is a process that makes adjacent bones grow together into one unit. You can read more about this below
Similar to low back problems, pinched nerves are what typically cause neck problems. The symptoms include radiating arm pain, numbness, and/or weakness in a specific distribution down the arm and hand. These symptoms are generally caused by a narrowing, or stenosis, of the spinal canal, or a disc herniation.